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Galveston Bay Refinery: Texas City, Texas

  • Site: Located on Galveston Bay, off the entrance to the Houston Ship Channel
  • History: The refinery began operation in 1934 as a Pan American Oil refinery and was later purchased by Amoco. In 1998, refinery ownership changed as Amoco Oil merged with BP. Since 2005, the refinery has undergone significant renovation and upgrade to units and site infrastructure. MPC purchased the refinery in 2013. In 2018, Galveston Bay merged with MPC’s former Texas City refinery into a single world-class refining complex.
  • Refining Capacity: 585,000 barrels per calendar day; second-largest U.S. refinery
  • Crude Oil Supply: A wide variety of both sweet and sour crude oils 
  • Operations: Crude distillation, hydrocracking, catalytic cracking, hydrotreating, reforming, alkylation, aromatics extraction, sulfur recovery and coking
  • Products: Gasoline, distillates, aromatics, heavy fuel oil, refinery and chemical-grade propylene, fuel-grade coke, dry gas and sulfur
  • Product Distribution: Pipeline, barge, transport truck, rail and ocean tanker
  • Cogeneration Facility: Currently has 1,055 megawatts of electrical production capacity and can produce 4.3 million pounds of steam per hour. Approximately 46 percent of the power generated in 2017 was used at the refinery with the remaining electricity being sold into the electricity grid.
  • Employment: Approximately 1,960 employees


Galveston Bay Fact Sheet


For additional details on safety & environmental stewardship and community involvement, download the Galveston Bay Fact Sheet.

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